Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common metabolic and endocrine disorders among women. Stein and Leventhal are the first to describe this syndrome in 1935. The main features of Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are polycystic ovaries, failure of ovulation, and excess in androgen. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex disease where genetics and environmental factors interact to cause the emergence of this disease. Hair falls is due to hormonal disturbances which are also known as male pattern baldness. Get Answers related to PCOS for a better understanding of this health issue.
The Following Are The Risk Factors For Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS):
- No or less ovulation
- Diabetes mellitus
- Early menarche
- Family history of Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- Mexican American and Australian women
- The use of anti-epileptic medication
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) Affects Many Body Systems And Functions. The Manifestations Of This Syndrome Are:
- No menses or fewer menses
- Risk of uterine cancer
- Multiple small cysts on the ovaries
- Lack of ovulation
- Complications in pregnancy
- Male pattern baldness
- Increase in muscle mass
- Deepening of the voice
- Insulin resistance
- A fatty liver disease which is not due to alcohol
- Metabolic disease
- Type 2 diabetes mellitus
- Sleep apnea
- Coronary heart disease
- Venous thromboembolism
- Mood disorders
- Eating disorders
Black and Hispanic women are more likely to be obese in comparison to Asian and white women. Asians and Hispanic women are more likely to develop diabetes mellitus, while African women are prone to hypertension. Mexican American women are more likely to be obese and to develop insulin resistance in comparison to white American women. American women are more likely to be obese and develop insulin resistance compared to Italian women.
The Example Of Pregnancy Complications Are:
- Spontaneous abortion
- Diabetes mellitus in pregnancy
- Pregnancy-induced hypertension
- Preterm birth
Sleep apnea is very common among women with Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). They should be questioned about the signs and symptoms of sleep apnea. The goals of treating women with Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are:
- Reduce hirsutism, acne, and scalp hair loss
- Control and manage metabolic issues including diabetes mellitus and heart disease
- Prevent cancer of the uterus
- Contraception for those who do not want to get pregnant
- Induce ovulation for those who want to get pregnant
Overweight and obesity are common issues among women who suffer from Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Diet and exercise are two effective interventions in managing weight problems. Diet and exercise can help reduce weight, improve fertility status, and improve overall well-being. Insulin resistance and diabetes mellitus will also improve following physical exercise and diet intervention.
Oral contraceptives are the main medical treatment in Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). A combination of estrogen and progesterone is a wonderful intervention for menstrual issues and hyperandrogenism. Other than that, oral contraceptives can also provide contraception. Contraception is important among women with Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) who do not want to get pregnant. This is because unwanted complications related to pregnancy can be prevented. However, oral contraceptives increase the risk of venous thromboembolism, especially among obese women. The benefits and risks of using oral contraceptives will be discussed by the doctor with you. Some patients are suitable for oral contraceptives, while some are not.
All associated clinical issues following Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) should be addressed well. Diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia will require their medications and interventions. All issues should intervene simultaneously. Get Answers related to PCOS for a better understanding of this health issue.